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ከኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ቅዱስ ሲኖዶስ የተሰጠ መግለጫ

ጥቅምት 16 ቀን 2009 ዓ.ም. በስመ አብ ወወልድ ለመንፈስ ቅዱስ አሐዱ አምላክ አሜን የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ቅዱስ ሲኖዶስ ጉባኤ፣...

35ኛው አጠቃላይ የሰበካ መንፈሳዊ መደበኛ ስብሰባ ከጥቅምት 7-10 ቀን 2009 ዓ.ም ሲካሄድ የቆየው ተጠቃቀ፡፡

በመምህር ዕንቈባሕርይ ተከስተ ዘመናትን በዘመናት የሚተካ እግዚአብሔር አምላክ 2008 ዓ.ም ዘመነ ዮሐንስን አሳልፎ ለ2009 ዓ.ም ዘመነ ማቴዎስ አደርሶናል፡...

ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ ማትያስ ፓትርያርክ ርእሰ ዓውደ ዓመትን ምክንያት በማድረግ በመላ ሃገሪቱ ጸሎት እንዲደረግ ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ መመሪያ አስተላለፉ፤

በመምህር ሙሴ ኃይሉ በቤተ ክርስቲያናችን ትውፊት ተጠብቆ የቆየውን እና በየዓመቱ የሚከናወነውን የእንኳን አደረስዎ መርሐ ግብር የዘንድሮ ዘመን መለወጫ በዓለ ...

ቃለ በረከት ዘእምኀበ ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ ማትያስ ቀዳማዊ ፓትርያርክ ርእሰ ሊቃነ ጳጳሳት ዘኢትዮጵያ ሊቀ ጳጳስ ዘአክሱም ወዕጨጌ ዘመንበረ ተክለ ሃይማኖት ዘተናገረ በበዓለ ርእሰ ዐውደ ዓመት ዘዕሥራ ምእት ወተስዓቱ ዓመተ ምሕረት፡፡

በስመ አብ ወወልድ ወመንፈስ ቅዱስ አሐዱ አምላክ አሜን ፡፡ በሀገራችን በኢትዮጵያ በገጠርና በከተማ የምትኖሩ፣ ከሀገር ውጭ በተለያዩ አህጉር የምትገኙ፤ ...

ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ ማትያስ ፓትርያርክ የደብረ ሊባኖስ ገዳምን ጐበኙ፡፡

በገዳሙ የተሠሩ የተለያዩ የልማት ሥራዎችን መርቀዋል፡፡ በመምህር ሙሴ ኃይሉ ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ ማትያስ ቀዳማዊ ፓትርያርክ፣ ርእሰ ሊቃነ ጰጳሳ...

  • ከኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ቅዱስ ሲኖዶስ የተሰጠ መግለጫ

    Thursday, 27 October 2016 06:16
  • 35ኛው አጠቃላይ የሰበካ መንፈሳዊ መደበኛ ስብሰባ ከጥቅምት 7-10 ቀን 2009 ዓ.ም ሲካሄድ የቆየው ተጠቃቀ፡፡

    Tuesday, 25 October 2016 06:40
  • ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ ማትያስ ፓትርያርክ ርእሰ ዓውደ ዓመትን ምክንያት በማድረግ በመላ ሃገሪቱ ጸሎት እንዲደረግ ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ መመሪያ አስተላለፉ፤

    Thursday, 15 September 2016 11:54
  • ቃለ በረከት ዘእምኀበ ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ ማትያስ ቀዳማዊ ፓትርያርክ ርእሰ ሊቃነ ጳጳሳት ዘኢትዮጵያ ሊቀ ጳጳስ ዘአክሱም ወዕጨጌ ዘመንበረ ተክለ ሃይማኖት ዘተናገረ በበዓለ ርእሰ ዐውደ ዓመት ዘዕሥራ ምእት ወተስዓቱ ዓመተ ምሕረት፡፡

    Thursday, 15 September 2016 11:50
  • ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ ማትያስ ፓትርያርክ የደብረ ሊባኖስ ገዳምን ጐበኙ፡፡

    Wednesday, 07 September 2016 09:51

Ethiopian Orthodox Monasticism and Monasteries

"Homage to the first Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Monastery Overseas after Jerusalem"

Monasticism is a very ancient practice, having existed in the Middle East, ancient Africa and in Asia 20 centuries before it took its form in Christianity. It is found in Judaism [Old Testament], Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Taoism, the Sufi branch of Islam, and Christianity. The English term, Monasticism came from the Greek "monos", meaning "single" or "alone" usually refers to the way of life - communitarian or solitary - adopted by monks and nuns, who have designated to pursue a life of perfection or a higher level of religious experience. In the Old Testament the life of Melketsediq, the Prophet Samuel, Prophets like Elijah, Daniel, Isaiah and John the Baptist, and in the New Testament the Apostles were examples of such a life.

Jesus said (Matt 16:24), "If any man will come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me". That is to say self-interest, self-protection, self-regard of all kinds is absolutely a part of man's nature and to master such instincts and govern the passions demand a supernatural strength self denial. Again the Lord said "If you want to be perfect, go and sell what you have, and give to the poor and you shall have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me" Matt 19:21. Therefore, monastic life is a life towards perfection, experience of the heavenly life on earth. Formally speaking, Christian monasticism began in the deserts of Egypt and Syria in the 4th century AD. Saint Anthony the Great was connected with the first Egyptian hermits; Saint Pachomius (d. 346), form the first communities of cenobites in Egypt. Saint Basil bishop of Caesarea (d 379), placed monasticism in an urban social context by introducing charitable service as a work discipline. As Ethiopia has been in contact with the original monastic evolvement the earliest monastic tradition has played a strong role in the development of Ethiopian monasticism. Although monasteries are places of asceticism, spiritual practice and theological learning their services to the society and country was always indispensable. They have for a long time been serving as sources of literally education, social welfare, community leadership, artistic formulation, church music and the study of the Holy Scriptures. Concerning the number of monasteries existing in Ethiopia, out of the nearly 50 thousand churches more than one thousand five hundred are monasteries.

nine saints

The Nine Saints, their names are listed below

Ethiopian monasticism began as originally Cenobitic after the first half of the fourth century, and took stronger hold after the arrival of the Nine Saints in the first half of the fifth century. In principle, monasticism embraces both the life of the hermit, characterized by varying degrees of extreme solitude, and the life of the cenobite, that is, the monk living in a community offering a limited amount of solitude. And through the entire history of Ethiopian monasticism, there were a number of examples and evidences that show monasticism and monastic fathers having contributed to social and economic development, national solidarity and social welfare. Hence their connection with the surrounding community is always highly regarded and they remain as the source of spiritual nourishment and center for the social interaction. There were also monastic leaders who left unforgettable exemplary lives. Practically, the monks fled society to live in the desert, whether as hermits or in communities, they nevertheless remained a powerful force in the life of the church and used their power and influence, communal unity and social acceptance, to impose a greater rigor on the church when they felt it necessary. The monks came out strongly in support of the society, to establish justice and peace, to face social challenges with the community they are living.

students

Prospective trainee of St. Yared clergy training institute

Monasticism in the Land of Africa

The history of the introduction of Christianity into in general and Ethiopia particular began by the conversion of the Eunuch, the treasurer [celibate by himself] of Queen Candace of Ethiopia, who went to Jerusalem to worship God according to the rites of the Old Testament. This is recorded in the New Testament book, the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 8:26-40). Eusabius the church Historian wrote that the treasure of Candace was the first fruit of Christianity throughout the world. St. John Chrysostom, in his homily said that "the Ethiopians also understood the preaching of St Peter the Apostle Acts 2:1-13.'' The earliest Axumite coins as well as many Christian Stone inscriptions have one face Greek inscriptions while the other face is Ge'ez (the local language of Axum), On the bases of the Greek/Ge'ez inscriptions of Axum, many scholars claimed that by the end of the 6th C the translation of the most important parts of the Bible has been completed. In the 6th century traveller Cosmas Indicopleutes Kοσμaς Ιυδικοπλευστης, wrote between 547-49 a Χρισςιτιαυ τοπογραψια (Christian Topography); his work provides a sketch map of Ethiopia, its Red Sea activity and described the monument of Axum and two towns. He also copied the Greek inscriptions of Ezana (4th c) described Axumite Ethiopia as it was totally Christian.

aba pen

The monastery of Abba Pentelion

Later, the coming of the Nine Saints from families of our churches in the North Africa and Eastern Constantinople marked as significant time for the development of Ethiopian Monasticism. The Ethiopian tradition identifies the Nine Saints as follows: Abba Panteleon, Abba Likanos, Abba Gerima (Issac), Abba Gubba, Abba Aragawi (Ze Michael), Abba Aftsie Abba Tsehma, Abba Alef, Abba Yematta (sometimes called Mata) o. A few years before the arrival of the Nine Saintsin to the Holy Land of Ethiopia, other group of monks, known as the Tsadiqan, (group of Righteous), Mahibere Deguea (groups at Degua), Mahibere Bekur (the Original/ first born group) arrived in Ethiopia. From the names associated to the groups (righteous, first born/original= orthodox) and the coincident of the time it seems that they came as a result of some persecution and traveled to find a safer and welcoming place.

moses

Abba Moses the Ethiopian

Moses the Black/the Ethiopian is considered as the first Ethiopian monk who lived in Egypt. However, Ethiopian monastic genealogy always began with St. Anthony the Great (d356) the founder of monasticism in the world then Saint Pachomius (292- 348), then St. Theodore of Egypt, the principle disciple of St. Pachomius, From him St Abune Aregawi took monastic vows. Abune Argawi was the founder of the first school of monasticism in Ethiopia and it is from Abune Aregawi monastic School that most of the current monastic centers evolved. Aregawi is one of the Nine Saints who came from Constantinople studied monasticism in Egypt. Another monk from among the nine Saints was St Abba Gerima who founded his own monastery and monastic community in the 5th century, in Medera near Adwa. This is the birth place and monastery of His Holiness Abune Paulos I the Patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. Hear the monastic community managed to keep a number of ancient books form the Axumite time, including Gospels copied by Abba Garima, These two manuscripts of the Gospel are now among the few oldest (before the 6th c) illustrated Christian manuscripts still extant in the world: Properly displayed, conserved, protected and used by the monastic community. Radiocarbon testing from Oxford reported that this pair of illustrated gospels are may have been produced as early as the 4th century. Carbon dating at Oxford University gives a date between 330 & 650 AD.

aba gerima

The monastery of Abba Gerima, where the ancent Christian illustrated manuscript is preserved

Although most of them are found in remote areas, in high cliffs, in the middle of lakes, Ethiopian monastic institutions were always very prestigious educational, artistic, literature, and hymnological centers. Almost all great scholars in higher theological and liturgical works are monks. For example, St Yared the founder of Ethiopian Orthodox Liturgical song in the 6th c, St, Abba Georgis of Gassicha the great theologian in the 14/15th century who wrote more than 40 theological books and Abba Tsgie of Wogedi 15th c are identified all as monks. Especially after the 12th century, with the emergence of Abune Iyesus Mao's [student of Debre Damo schools of Aragawi] school of monasticism, many Abbots leading monasteries were also members of the royal court. And for more than eight hundred years the royal court of Ethiopian Kings, except its militant members, was comprised from abbots of important monasteries. This was the cause that preserves the country to remain Orthodox Tewahedo Christian state until the communist regime took power in 1974.

gishen

Amba Gishen Mariam, the monastery where the true Cross of Christ is placed and preserved until now,

The Monastery of Holy Trinity and St. Yared at Bloemfontein

Let us give especial homage to our first Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Monastery overseas after Jerusalem. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church for a very long time has especial presence in Jerusalem. There are a number of churches that continue to grow in number in around the holy land. Even though Ethiopians have lived in other countries and established churches where ever they go no monastery has been established yet. , The current monastery in the land of South Africa is the most important achievement of our time since it is the first one for the Diaspora community. It gives us reason to glorify God the Almighty and to congratulate His Holiness Abune Paulos I, the Patriarch of the EOTC, His Grace Abune Yacob, the Archbishop of Southern and West Africa, and the orthodox congregation of the Bloemfontein. It is obviously the time to support, to encourage and to pray for the development of this very historical, spiritual, and awe-inspiring work.

samothers

Mothers union of our native South African families, who have contributed a lot in their prayers through the century

I would like to express my excitement about this event. First it is the first monastery and college we have ever heard of outside Ethiopian, apart from Jerusalem. ... second it is named after the first known and highly regarded Ethiopian/ African Christian scholar, writer, composer of hymns, singer, Saint Yared, thirdly even though it is out of Ethiopia, the monastery is still in our beloved continent of Africa. Therefore, the realization of this monastery will open new horizons in bridging the people of native South Africans and Ethiopians working hear; fourthly it realizes the expansion of our mother, Apostolic, Holy, universal, Orthodox Tewahedo Church, fifthly the Holy monastery and the institute by their virtue of serving the human kind will serve as centers for learning and spiritual purification by revealing the core importance of monastic spirituality and theological learning into the world, and so many more reasons that will unfold as the work progresses.

It is also very exhilarating to hear that the monastery have a clergy training theological institute attached to it. Obviously, the traditional schools of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church were the only official educational institutes existed in the country for a very long time until the introduction of Modern western education in the 20th century. These schools were predominantly attached to the each monasteries and churches. In these schools Ethiopian managed to have their own alphabet, calendar, art, architecture, craft, legal systems, theological and philosophical interpretations, extensively wide indigenous literature, and advanced scholarship for liturgical and hymnological tradition.

sunday school sa2

Sunday School Students of Bloemfounten church

Now our families of native South African have got the chance and access to the truth of Christianity from their own Orthodox families of East Africa, who have preserved the original Apostolic Christianity, for nearly 2000 years since the baptism of the first African, the first fruit of Christianity, the representative of Africa, the Ethiopian Eunuch, treasure of Candace [Acts 8:25]. Now Tewahedo Orthodox Christians of South Africa, have a special place for learning orthodox theology, experiencing spiritual seclusion, pilgrimage, etc. Extending my especial reverence to all the members of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church in South Africa who have exerted all their time, treasury, knowledge and capacity, and the authorities of Republic of South Africa who have supported the project, I would like to say; May God grant you mercy and strength to finish His work.

God Bless Ethiopia and South Africa

Daniel SeifeMichael Feleke (MemhirFundise)

Head of the Department for Heritage preservation, Protection & Library-Museum of the Patriarchate

የፎንት ልክ መቀየሪያ